What causes eczema in children?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and irritated skin. The exact cause of eczema is not known, but it is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Children with eczema often have a family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever, and may have an overactive immune system that reacts to certain triggers. Eczema is also more common in children with certain skin types, such as dry or sensitive skin.

How is eczema treated in children?

The treatment for eczema in children typically involves a combination of moisturizing the skin, avoiding triggers, and using medicated creams or ointments.

Moisturizing: Using a gentle, fragrance-free moisturizer on the skin can help to reduce dryness and itching. It’s recommended to apply moisturizer immediately after bathing, while the skin is still damp.

Avoiding Triggers: Identifying and avoiding things that trigger eczema flare-ups can help to reduce symptoms. Common triggers include certain fabrics, soaps, detergents, and environmental irritants like dust or smoke.

Medicated creams and ointments: Over-the-counter creams and ointments, such as hydrocortisone, can be used to reduce itching and inflammation. In more severe cases, prescription medications may be recommended.

It’s important to note that eczema is a chronic condition, and treatment typically involves a long-term approach, with frequent follow-up appointments and adjustments to treatment plans as needed.

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