Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when the body is unable to produce or properly use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Symptoms of diabetes can include:
Increased thirst and frequent urination: As the body tries to flush out excess sugar, the individual may feel more thirsty and may need to urinate more often.
Fatigue: High blood sugar levels can lead to fatigue as the body’s cells are not getting the energy they need.
Blurred vision: High blood sugar levels can cause the lens of the eye to swell, resulting in blurred vision.
Slow-healing wounds: High blood sugar levels can affect the immune system and make it more difficult for the body to fight off infection and heal wounds.
Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet: High blood sugar levels can damage nerves over time, leading to tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
Frequent infections: High blood sugar levels can make it more difficult for the body to fight off infections.
Treatment for diabetes typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and close monitoring of blood sugar levels.
Lifestyle changes: Making changes to diet and exercise can help to control blood sugar levels and prevent complications. This can include eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting regular physical activity.
Medication: Medications such as insulin, sulfonylureas, or thiazolidinediones may be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels.
Blood sugar monitoring: Monitoring blood sugar levels on a regular basis can help to ensure that blood sugar levels are within a healthy range and help to identify any problems early on.
Regular medical check-ups: Regular medical check-ups, including eye exams, foot exams, and screenings for diabetes-related complications, are essential to monitor diabetes and prevent complications.
It’s important to work closely with a healthcare provider to create a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs and to closely monitor blood sugar levels to avoid complications.