Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body uses glucose, a type of sugar, for energy. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. This type of diabetes usually develops in childhood or adolescence and requires daily insulin injections to control blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar levels. It is caused by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or by the body’s resistance to insulin. This type of diabetes is more common in adults but it is also increasingly being diagnosed in children, particularly in those who are overweight or obese.
Symptoms of diabetes in children can include:
increased thirst and urination
slow wound healing
Treatment for diabetes in children typically includes a combination of lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, and medication. Children with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels, while children with type 2 diabetes may be treated with oral medications or insulin.
It’s important to note that early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can help to prevent serious complications such as heart disease, kidney damage, and blindness. If you suspect your child has diabetes, it is important to seek medical attention right away.